In the article the author examines the function and types of wax, methods of applying it on the machine.
The wax serves to protect the paint of cars from external factors. It forms a protective film preventing car body from minor defects such as scratches and cracks. If at the time of processing, the coating is damaged, the wax covers minor defects, preventing the penetration of water, salts and other chemically active substances, which, acting on the exposed metal cause damage with corrosion, or eliminate them. In other words, the wax can be considered as an additional measure to protect a car from rust. Besides, it provides protection from UV rays.
In addition, the wax improves the appearance, giving the paint more Shine. Providing quick drainage of water from the machine, it eliminates the possibility of spots as the drying drops. Because of this, the coating simplifies the cleaning of the body and increases the interval between cleanings.
There are three classifications wax for cars.
One of them is based on the properties of the substance. According to it there are the following types of waxes:
The spray is considered the least attractive option. This is due to its low resistance. This wax is washed off from the body of the car for a couple of washes. Therefore, the application of this coating will have to do very often, although this process is simple.
Liquid wax is more stable in comparison with the above type. Processing technology of the machine consists of applying a substance on freshly washed and his body crushed.
Hard wax is different from the described species that is applied to a dry surface. The process of creating such a coating is time-consuming. While it is quite stable and lasts 3-4 months.
Synthetic wax is the most stable, and such coverage is retained up to six months. It is simple to apply, as presented in liquid form.
Another classification of waxes for cars are based on the method of application. It includes the following types:
Cold wax is a liquid containing a large amount of the cationic surfactant, and emulsified wax. The application of such coatings is carried out manually. The disadvantage of this material is low durability. To maintain the effect, repeat the coating process after each wash.
Hot wax presents the substance of synthetic or natural origin. Temperature its melting point is around 90º. This is because it is completely transparent, has a high melting point and high resistance to wear. This material retains the properties within six months to a year. Many substances of this type are composed of corrosion inhibitors.
Technology is the application of hot wax is breeding it with hot water and polishing with a sponge or cloth. The disadvantage is high cost.
Foam wax-like properties hot, and the difference is in the method of application. The creation of the considered coverage it is impossible to carry out manually because the process involves the use of special equipment. It is necessary to create a foam emulsion by feeding air into the mixture of wax composition and water. The use of such sophisticated technologies based on high degree of adhesion of a foam emulsion with a working surface and uniform polishing.
Another classification of waxes based on origin. According to this criterion the materials are divided into the following varieties:
It should be noted that the properties of these types of wax are similar, so this feature is rarely taken into account when choosing.
Choose the wax should be considering the cost as inexpensive options faster lose their original properties.
Solid and liquid materials are usually treated new cars in the age of 5 years. For older machines use abrasive waxes and polishes. The difference between wax and Polish is that the first material creates on the surface of the body an additional protective layer, while the Polish improves the appearance of the property by removing the top layer of paint. Wax containing abrasives, has the same principle as the Polish. Therefore, when choosing a wax for the car you need to consider this option. Abrasive options should be applied to vehicles having any of the defects in paintwork, e.g. in the form of scratches or faded paint. You need to consider that abrasive components vary in degree of hardness. The most solid options in appearance and feels like grains of sand.
For new cars, having no defects to the paint, you should use the options of wax that does not contain any abrasive components.
As mentioned, manually it is possible to implement the application of all types of wax, with the exception of Penn. In any case, before you create a cover it is necessary to cleanse the body from impurities by washing. You should wash in a contactless manner.
Not to process wax in the sun. You first need to thoroughly mix the composition. Self-processing machines liquid wax is applying it to is not dried after washing the surface of the body and rubbing with a cloth or rag.
It should be noted that often the liquid wax is included in the cost of cleaning or offered as additional services at low cost. However, the feasibility of using this material is questionable, because this service increases the cost of cleaning, and to maintain the effect it is necessary to repeat this operation every time. This explains the low cost of cleaning the vehicle this wax, which is 1-2 dollars.
Treatment of the body hard wax at car washes is estimated to be from 12 to 250 dollars. This difference in cost compared to liquid wax due to a more complicated application technique. In addition, the materials have a high cost that can reach $ 500 for a jar of solid wax.
It should be noted that the liquid wax and the options in the form of a spray spread much more extensively in comparison with solid and synthetic. This is primarily due to the high cost of applying the latter to the car body. Naturally, this wax is not intended for universal application. It is usually used for expensive cars with the aim of preserving them from damage to the paintwork. Treatment of this wax a car on their own is also rarely used, due to the complexity of the process. Wash the car shampoo containing wax, or apply a liquid material, of course, be much simpler.
The following are some tips on how to wash your car.